Two equal vertical bands of green and white; a red five-pointed star within a red crescent centered over the two-color boundary; the colors represent Islam (green, purity and peace (white), and liberty (red): the crescent and star are also Islamic symbols, but the crescent is more closed than those of other Muslim countries because the Algerians believe the long crescent horns bring happiness.
Located in Northern Africa, Algeria was ruled by France for more than a century, but after fighting through much of the 1950's they achieved independence in 1962.
Capital - Algiers
Area: Slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas.
Bordered by Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Tunisia and Western Sahara. The Mediterranean lies on its northern border.
Terrain - mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain.
Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead and zinc.
Second largest country in Africa, after Sudan.
More to come......